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01 octobre 2018

The Origin of Democracy-Documentary

The Origin of Democracy

Birth of Athenian democracy
Clisthenes manages to establish a regime that avoids the return to the oligarchy in Athens. He then lays down a very specific rule: all citizens have the same rights and duties. This precept, called isonomy, gives birth to democracy. The redrawing of the territory into ten tribes instead of four, but especially into demes, the equivalent of our commune, makes it possible to short-circuit and relegate the power of large families to civilian functions.
See also: History of Athens - History of Athenian Democracy - History of Democracy - History of Ancient Greece

Rousseau attempts to publish his "Social Contract"
Rousseau publishes "The social contract" but is immediately censored in Geneva as in France. Deepening his theses on the state of nature of man, he strives in this book to reconcile social contract and freedom of each. To be fair, society must be governed by everyone, everyone must be able to participate in power. The contract must therefore be an expression of the general will, and Rousseau in fact calls for a kind of participative democracy. If the principles developed in Rousseau's "Social Contract" will never be applied to the letter, they will become the basis of modern political thought.
See also: History of Democracy - History of Geneva - Social Contract - Jean-Jacques Rousseau - History of Philosophy

March 15
Birth of Andrew Jackson
March 15, 1767 is born the future president of the United States, Andrew Jackson. Elected for two terms from 1829 to 1837, Jackson was a great champion of democracy, even though he supported the deportation of Indians and slavery. He is at the origin of the creation of political parties as they are today. Represented on the twenty dollar bills, he died on June 8, 1845.
See also: President of the United States - History of Slavery - Andrew Jackson - History of Democracy - History of Politics

Eugène Delacroix paints "Liberty guiding the people
Liberté guiding the people "is a painting of Eugène Delacroix, made in 1830. This oil on canvas inspired by the Revolution of the Three Glorious was presented at the Salon of Paris in 1831. Of a size of 325 cm x 260 cm, it represents rioters crossing a palisade in Paris.Introduced into popular culture, this work was often used as a symbol of French democracy and is exhibited in the Louvre Museum.
See also: History of Democracy - History of Painting

October 30
Birth of the father of the Mexican Revolution, Madero
The Mexican statesman Francisco Indalecio Madero, nicknamed "el apóstol de la Revolución" ("the apostle of the revolution"), was born in San Pedro Coahulla. His election at the head of the presidency of the Republic on November 6, 1911, with the support of the United States, put an end to the power of General Porfirio Díaz, strong governance (known as "porfiriat") that he held Since 1876, a craftsman of democratic liberties and radical social reforms, he could not stand up to the revolutionary forces of the successors of Diaz (including his nephew, Felix, and General Victoriano Huerta), and was assassinated on February 22, 1913. Mexico City.
See also: Mexico - Revolution - Reforms - History of Democracy - Porfirio diaz - History of Politics

May 4
May 4 Movement in China
The attribution of a part of the Chinese territories of Shandong to the Empire of Japan causes in 1919 a vast protest movement in China. The May 4th movement brings together 3,000 students in Beijing and provokes a wave of nationalist protests across the country. The protest is not only about the rejection of Japanese rule but also about the Chinese people's desire for modernization and democracy. This uprising marks the emergence of a patriotic conscience within China.
See also: Japan - China - History of Beijing - History of Democracy - Modernization - History of Politics

April 30
Creation of the OAS in Bogotá
On April 30, 1948, twenty-one countries on the American continent signed the OAS (Organization of American States) Charter. The purpose of this treaty is to protect democracy and human rights. It also helps to fight against insecurity, drug trafficking and trading in influence. Finally, it helps trade between the different countries of the continent. The charter of Bogotá is directed against communism, which is worth to Cuba to be excluded.
See also: History of Communism - Cuba - History of Democracy - History of Politics

June 15th
Democratic elections in Spain
After more than forty years of dictatorship and barely two years after the death of General Franco, Spain is experiencing the first free parliamentary elections. The UCD (Union of the Democratic Center) of Adolfo Suárez, and the PSOE (Socialist Workers Party) of Felipe Gonzáles, with 34 and 29% of votes, come out victorious at the expense of more radical parties such as the People's Alliance on the right or the PCE (Communist Party) which has just been legalized. The Spanish democratic transition will culminate with the adoption of a new Constitution in December 1978.

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