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23 septembre 2018

The Genius of Marie Curie: The Woman Who Lit up the World

Marie Curie
Marie Curie

Marie Skłodowska-Curie, born Maria Salomea Skłodowska (pronounced [marja salɔmɛa skwɔdɔfska] Nobel Audio Medal) on November 7, 1867 in Warsaw, in the Kingdom of Congress (present-day Poland), and died on July 4, 1934 at the sanatorium of Sancellemoz located in Passy (Haute-Savoie, France), is a Polish physicist and chemist, naturalized French.

Marie Curie and Pierre Curie - her husband - receive half of the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics (the other half is awarded to Henri Becquerel) for their research on radiation1. In 1911, she won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her work on polonium and radium2.
An exceptional scientist, she is the first woman to have received the Nobel Prize, and to date the only woman to have received two. She remains to this day the only person to have been rewarded in two separate scientific fields (subsequently, and apart strictly from science, Linus Pauling won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954 and the Nobel Peace Prize in 19623).
She is also the first woman winner in 1903, along with her husband, of the Davy medal for his work on radium4. Part of his experience notebooks are kept at the Bibliothèque Nationale de France and have been digitized

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